History & Economy
Zambia is a landlocked country located in southern Africa. Gaining independence in 1964, Zambia has experienced a high level of political stability with five successful multiparty elections over the past two decades. Political stability, shrewd macroeconomic management, and market liberalization has increased investment in Zambia and elevated national economic status from low to low-middle income.
While the overall economic outlook in Zambia has been brightening, Zambia’s economic growth has not yet translated into any significant reduction in poverty. Sixty-four percent of the Zambian population live on less than $1 a day.
HIV/AIDS hit Zambia particularly hard in the 1990's and early 2000's. Today the adult prevalence rate is over 14 percent. Zambia faces regular shortages of drugs, equipment and qualified personnel within the national healthcare system. Health issues are accentuated by a widespread lack of proper water and hygiene conditions, as only 36% of rural Zambians have access to safe drinking water.
Zambia has the second highest incidence of cervical cancer in the world, but, most women have never been screened for cervical or breast cancer, nor are they able to access treatment when diagnosed with these diseases. There is an immediate and dire need for improved women's health services in Zambia and much of the rest of sub-saharran Africa.